Lesson 7: How Interest Rates Move the Forex Market, Part 2
Lesson 7: How Interest Rates Move the Forex Market, Part 2
In our last lesson we continued our free forex trading course with a look at interest rates and how the capital flows associated with movements in the interest rates of a country affect the value of its currency. Now that we have a basic understanding of how interest rates move the forex market, lets help drive this point home with a specific example from today's market environment.
For our example we are going to say that I am a savvy investor located in the United States who is seeking a good place to park some savings where I can earn a decent return on my money. For this particular slice of my portfolio I am looking for an interest paying instrument that will pay me a steady stream of cash on my money.
As many of you already know a government or corporate bond will do just this paying me whatever the interest rate is as set by the country's central bank that I am investing in, plus an additional interest rate depending on the length of the bond that I am investing in (for example a 1 year bond is generally going to pay me a lower rate of interest than a 10 year bond) and for the extra risk that I take on for different type of bonds (for example a government bond is normally going to pay me less than a corporate bond because there is less chance that the government is going to default on the loan).
So, knowing this, I decide that I would like to invest in a bond that pays me a good rate of interest, and I am not looking to get too speculative about this investment, so I prefer a government bond over a corporate bond. For our example we are going to say for simplicity's sake, that the bonds of the countries that we have available to invest in pay an interest rate equal to the interest rate in the country as set by the central bank.
Now with this in mind the next thing that I do is list out all the different interest rates for the major countries of the world and I come up with:
United States: 2.00%
Euro Zone: 4.00%
United Kingdom: 5.00%
New Zealand: 8.25%
After reviewing my options its seems pretty clear that if I am just going on interest rates, then New Zealand is the place to put my money as this will earn me an extra 6.25% in interest each year over investing that same money in the United States. Now I am not going to drag the lesson out by including all the history of the interest rates in New Zealand here, but I will tell you they have been in a high interest rate environment relative to the United States for quite some time. With this in mind if I would have have followed this logic in the past then it would have played out very well for me not only from an interest rate standpoint but also, as this chart shows, from a currency appreciation standpoint. Because I would have been investing in New Zealand bonds I would have been holding New Zealand dollars and also benefiting from the large run up in the New Zealand Dollar:
Now obviously hindsight is 20/20 and I have simplified things here for our understanding, but this is not too far off from how international investors including large market moving hedge funds and other players think. It is also a great example of the forces we have spoken about in our lessons on capital flows and in our last lesson on interest rates at play in today's market.
That's our lesson for today. In our next lesson we are going to continue our discussion on how interest rates move the forex market with a look at something which is known as the carry trade, which is also one of the more popular trading strategies in the forex market, so we hope to see you in that lesson.
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WEEKLY Forex Economic Calendar: 24 Jan Tue
09:30 GB- Brexit Court Ruling
15:00 US- Existing Homes Sales 25 Jan Wed
00:30 AU- CPI
09:00 DE- IFO Survey
15:30 US- Crude 26 Jan Thu
09:30 GB- GDP
13:30 US- Weekly Jobless
14:45 US- flash Service PMI
15:00 US- New Homes Sales
23:30 JP- CPI 27-Jan Fri
13:30 US- Durable Goods
13:30 US- GDP
15:00 US- University of Michigan
Markets are digesting the U.K. Supreme Court ruling today, which upheld a lower court saying that Parlimentary approval is needed for the Prime Minister to invoke Article 50, which puts the U.K. exit from the EU into motion. The Court also ruled that the approval of the devolved Parliaments in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland was not required. So Parliament will have to pass a law invoking EU article 50. There is no worry that this should impact PM May's end of March deadline for Brexit.
If approval of the devolved parliaments had been required, this could have become a messy proceess with Scotland opposing Brexit.
Late Monday U.S. Treasury Secretary-designate Mnuchin muddied the waters when he said that an excessively strong US dollar may be negative in the short term. This report sent the USD lower. Details of the Trump dollar policy are awaited. Use the EURUSD 1.0700 line as a key benchmark of USD strength or weakness.
The U.S. economic calendar today includes: flash Markit PMI, Existing Homes Sales and the Richmond Fed Survey.
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