â€˘ Fate of EUR/USD Will Depend On Who Delivers the Bigger Surprises
â€˘ British Pound Extends Loses
US Dollar Could Fall to a New Record Low
We have seen some big moves in the currency market this past week, but these fluctuations should pale in comparison to the action that we expect to see next week. Not only are there a lot of economic data due for release from countries around the world, but Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke will also be testifying before the Joint Economic Committee. His comments as well as the ADP Employment report could set the tone for trading ahead of Fridayâ€™s non-farm payrolls report. We continue to call for further job losses in the US economy as Wall Street and Main Street announce more layoffs. With liquidity still a problem, we donâ€™t expect any optimistic comments from Bernanke. For these reasons, the US dollar could fall to a new record low against the Euro in the coming week. The bearish outlook for the US economy is confirmed by the latest US economic numbers. Consumer confidence as measured by the University of Michigan fell to a 16 year low. Even though personal income ticked higher, spending was the weakest in 17 months. Regardless of whether the Federal Reserve admits it, 85 percent of the people surveyed by the University of Michigan already feel that the US economy is in a recession. They have cut back spending and are focusing on repaying debts and rebuilding their savings. Such a dramatic shift in sentiment will be difficult for the Federal Reserve to fix especially since banks and mortgage lenders have been counteracting the Federal Reserveâ€™s efforts by tightening lending standards. Commodity prices are also skyrocketing with rice prices yesterday jumping 30 percent in one day. Inflation will come back to haunt the Federal Reserve, but with consumers retrenching and the housing market weakening, the outlook for growth is so bleak that the Fed may have no choice but to focus on fixing the more immediate problems. Although we think that the Federal Reserve will need to bring interest rates down to 1.50 percent, cutting interest rates alone will not do the trick.
Fate of EUR/USD Will Depend On Who Delivers the Bigger Surprises
The Euro has staged a dramatic recovery against the US dollar this past week and now it is trading approximately 100 pips away from its record highs. If economic data was the only thing that mattered, the EUR/USD stands a very good chance of breaking 1.60. German retail sales, unemployment and Eurozone PPI are the only major releases on the EZ economic calendar, which means that Bernankeâ€™s comments and non-farm payrolls will probably drive the price action of the EUR/USD. However there is one potential European risk and that could turn the EUR/USD around, which is a major writedown by a German bank. This morning, Guenther Beckstein, the prime minister of Bavaria said that their state owned Bayern Landesbank will be announcing writedowns of EUR4bn, more than double their initial EUR1.9bn forecast. Although this number is small, it comes on the heels of a potentially huge loss for German banks. According to Spiegel, which is a leading German newspaper, local banks could â€śhemorrhage 70 billion Euros.â€ť They are even speculating that Germanyâ€™s third largest bank, WestLB could require a 2 billion liquidity injection. Whether this happens remains to be seen, but whoever delivers the bigger surprises â€“ the US or the Eurozone will determine the fate of the Euro.
Visit the Euro Currency Room for resources dedicated specifically to the Euro.
British Pound Extends Loses
The British pound extended its losses today, hitting an intraday low of 1.9883. UK economic data was mixed with the GfK consumer confidence report and Nationwide house prices falling short of expectations. The current account did improve, but not enough to offset the bearish sentiment. The quarterly pace of GDP growth in the fourth quarter was unrevised, but the annualized pace of growth was lowered from 2.9 to 2.8 percent. Like the US, the UK economy is very vulnerable especially since consumer confidence hit a 15 year low. The Financial Times is also worried about the health of UK lenders. All three of the countryâ€™s largest banks hiked mortgage rates yesterday, putting further pressure on home owners. Next week, PMI numbers dominate the UK economic calendar.
Visit the British Pound Currency Room for resources dedicated specifically to the British Pound.
Weaker Commodity Prices Drive Australian, New Zealand and Canadian Dollars Lower
The commodity currencies lost ground against the US dollar on the back of lower oil and gold prices. New Zealandâ€™s GDP figures came in stronger than expected, with main contributors being rising dairy, petroleum and petroleum products exports. In spite of strong growth figures, fears of a slowdown continue to worry economists as the housing market continues to cool and businesses remain to be pessimistic. Next weekâ€™s releases should impact markets significantly, as business confidence coupled with ANZ commodity price, should help investors gain a perspective on the future performance of the business sector. Although no significant news was released for Australia and Canada today, upcoming releases promise to be a handful, with the Reserve Bank of Australia monetary policy meeting. Canada is set to release their GDP and unemployment figures.
Tell us what you think on the Canadian dollar Forum.
Yen Rallies as Risk Appetite Turns
The intraday turn in the Dow led to a similar reversal in the Japanese Yen crosses. Economic data from Japan last night was mixed with CPI rising by the fastest pace in 10 years, retail sales dropping less than expected and the unemployment rate rising for the first time in 4 months. Expect the Yen to remain in focus next week with a heavy economic calendar that includes Manufacturing PMI, Industrial Production, Labor Cash Earnings, and the Quarterly Tankan report. The strong Yen coupled with a global market slowdown is expected to take a toll on Japanese business confidence but even though this may impact the Yen, risk appetite is ultimately what matters.
Visit the Japanese Yen Currency Room for resources dedicated specifically to the Yen.
By Kathy Lien, Chief Strategist of DailyFX.com
Contact Kathy Lien about this article at [email protected]