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FX Blog- Global-View Month Ahead Currency Forecasts

August 3, 2008

Forex Forecast of Major Currency Pairs


The Global-View.com Month Ahead Currency Outlook is prepared weekly by the trading professionals at GVI Forex. For information on the GVI Forex Service Click Here

We have been noting the shaky state of the USD in recent weeks, even as it had been recovering. Underlying weakness in the currency in the short run has been coming from the uneven state of the U.S. economy. Support has also come from the recent tumble in oil prices. Technical traders in oil have been keeping close watch on the $122.50 level as support. A decisive move below $120 would give the U.S. unit a lift.

Markets feel that falling energy prices could take the pressure off key central banks, especially the ECB, to pursue a restrictive monetary policy. A less restrictive ECB could provide the USD with room to improve vs. the EUR. Recent economic data from the Eurozone suggest that the EZ economy has started to slow dramatically. As for market dynamics, dealers seem to be on the fence for EUR/USD in the short run, but lean in the direction of a higher USD in a longer term time perspective.

For now, the lead EUR/USD looks to be mired in a trading range. At present levels, the EUR/USD is now back approaching EUR/USD 1.5500 market neutrality level.




Click on chart for two year history

In Japan, no changes in monetary policy are in store for a good while into the future. There is no pressure for higher interest rates from the BOJ. The economy is currently presenting a more negative picture. No major shifts in the spread in the 2-yr bond spread between Japan and the U.S. is likely anytime soon.


Click on chart for two year history



The U.S. and Eurozone economies have been slowing. The U.S. is much further along in the process. Note below in the U.S. Monetary Policy outlook insert that official U.S. rates have reached a floor.


UNITED STATES

GVI U.S. Feberal Reserve Bank Policy Meeting Preview

  • Decision: August 5 at 18:15 GMT.
  • Fed Funds rate: 2.00%
  • Expected Decision: No rate change
  • Short-term market sentiment contnues to exert a strong infuence on Fed policy decisions. On Wednesday June 25, the central bank held its fed funds target steady at 2.00%. The policy statement disappointed the markets because it did not clearly signal a policy tightening. Future policy decisions now will be data-dependent.

FEDERAL RESERVE Policy Objective: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee shall maintain long run growth of the monetary and credit aggregates commensurate with the economy's long run potential to increase production, so as to promote effectively the goals of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates.

uscpi

The chart above shows year/year core PCE for the U.S. relative to its its reported "comfort zone for this key price index. Headline and Core CPI figures are also shown.

ezcpi

ezcpi




s-t rates

The above monthly U.S. employment chart is included because its the most closely followed data release each month, and because one of the objectives of the Fed is to maximize employment.

s-t rates


s-t rates

The chart above shows the current three month libor rate, the current Fed funds target  and where the futures markets are currently trading three month rates for the specified periods in the future. The chart also includes comparisons of where these futures rates were trading most recently, a week ago and four weeks ago.  The chart provides a view on where the markets feel U.S. interest rates are headed.




interest rates

The chart above shows the U.S. Fed Funds rate target, three month libor, and two- and ten-year bond yields over the past twelve months.

Major Currency Pairs - Currency Forecasts- Monthly Perspective

foreign currency pairs

The ECB has indicated that monetary policy has moved into a tightening phase due to inflationary pressures (see policy insert below). The ECB remains fixated on its anti-inflation mandate to the chagrin of key politicians. The E-Z economy has been showing signs recently of rapid deterioration.


EUROZONE

GVI European Central Bank Policy Meeting Preview

  • Decision: August 7, 2008 at 11:45 GMT.
  • ECB Refi rate: 4.00%
  • Expected Decision: High risk of +25bp rate hike.
  • ECB President Trichet signaled the rate hike in July after the June ECB governing council meeting. Policy is now on hold as the central bank awits upcoming data. Key Eurozone PMI figures, which correlate well with GDP, are pointing to a developing economic slowdown.

    ECB Policy Objective: The primary objective of the ECB's monetary policy is to maintain price stability. The ECB aims at inflation rates of below, but close to, 2% over the medium term.

    ezcpi

    The chart above shows year/year HICP (Harmonized CPI) for the Eurozone relatrive to its "below 2%" target level.

    ezcpi

    ezcpi




s-t rates

The chart above shows the current three month libor rate, the current ECB  "refi" rate target  and where the futures markets are currently trading three month rates for the specified periods in the future. The chart also includes comparisons of where these futures rates were trading most recently, a week ago and four weeks ago.  The chart provides a view on where the markets feel Eurozone interest rates are headed.


interest rates

The chart above shows the ECB refi rate target, three month libor, and two- and ten-year bond yields over the past twelve months.

forex forecast services The Japanese economy is in a mixed state with inflation finally starting to show up in key price indices. Tokyo is not unhappy with a weakening JPY.



JAPAN

GVI BOJ Policy Meeting Preview

  • Decision: July 15, 2008
  • Current Overnight Target Rate: 0.50%
  • Expected decision: No change.
  • Speculation about a future BOJ rate cut abounds. The economy has started to turn more mixed. The political situation also is unstable.

BANK OF JAPAN Policy Objective: The Bank of Japan Law states that the Bank's monetary policy should be "aimed at, through the pursuit of price stability, contributing to the sound development of the national economy."

Nationwide CPI

The chart above shows year/year core nationwide CPI and the reported BOJ goal of between 0% and 2% for this price index. 

Manufacturing PMI



CHART: BOJ Quarterly Tankan Survey




s-t rates

The chart above shows the current three month libor rate, the current BOJ overnight rate target  and where the futures markets are currently trading three month rates for the specified periods in the future. The chart also includes comparisons of where these futures rates were trading most recently, a week ago and four weeks ago.  The chart provides a view on where the markets feel Japanese interest rates are headed.


interest rates

The chart above shows the Japanese overnight rate target, three month libor, and two- and ten-year bond yields over the past twelve months.

major currency pairs The BOE cut rates at its April meeting as expected. Future rate reductions are on hold for now due to inflationary pressures. The U.K. economy has been showing signs of a sharp deterioration. The GBP has been under pressure due to worries about the deteriorating economy.


UNITED KINGDOM

GVI Bank of England Policy Meeting Preview

  • Decision: August 7, 2008 at 11:00 GMT.
  • BOE Repo Rate: 5.00%
  • Expected Decision: Risk of -25bp rate cut.
  • BOE policy makers continue to balance concerns about inflation against the risk of a slowing economy. Note below that both the U.K. Manufacturing and Services PMIs have turned south. Inflation data are a worry, but there is a risk that the economy might fall off a cliff.

    BANK OF ENGLAND Policy Objective: The Bank's monetary policy objective is to deliver price stability, low inflation, and, subject to that, to support the Government's economic objectives including those for growth and employment. Price stability is defined by the Government's inflation target of 2%.

    ezcpi

    The chart above shows year/year CPI for the U.K. relative to its 2% target for this key price index. 


    ezcpi




s-t rates

The chart above shows the current three month libor rate, the current Repo Rate  and where the futures markets are currently trading three month rates for the specified periods in the future. The chart also includes comparisons of where these futures rates were trading most recently, a week ago and four weeks ago.  The chart provides a view on where the markets feel U.K. interest rates are headed.


interest rates

The chart above shows the U.K. repo rate target, three month libor, and two- and ten-year bond yields over the past twelve months.

forex currency market reports The Swiss National Bank tries to maintain a stable relationship of the CHF vs. the EUR. It is never pleased with weakness of the CHF against the EUR and could raise rates in response to an ECB policy tightening.



SWITZERLAND

GVI Swiss National Bank Policy Meeting Preview

  • Decision: June 19 at 08:30 GMT.
  • SNB 3mo Swiss libor target: 2.75%
  • Expected Decision: Risk of +25bp
  • The SNB had indicated that the peak in interest rates had been reached. However, intensifying inflationary pressures and a probable ECB rate hike in early July could tip the scale to higher rates. The Swiss CPI (see below) is well above its target ceiling of 2.0%. The SNB manages the value of the CHF as critical element of monetary poilcy.

    SWISS NATIONAL BANK Policy Objective: The National Bank equates price stability with a rise in the national consumer price index (CPI) of less than 2% per annum. In so doing, it takes account of the fact that not every price movement is necessarily inflationary. Furthermore, it believes that inflation cannot be measured accurately. Measurement problems arise, for example, when the quality of goods and services improves. Such changes are not properly accounted for in the CPI; as a result, inflation, as measured by the CPI, will be slightly overstated.

    chcpi

    The chart above shows year/year CPI and the Swiss goal of less than 2% for this price index. 

    chpmi




s-t rates

The chart above shows the current three month libor rate, the current three-month Euro-Swiss target  and where the futures markets are currently trading three month rates for the specified periods in the future. The chart also includes comparisons of where these futures rates were trading most recently, a week ago and four weeks ago.  The chart provides a view on where the markets feel Swiss interest rates are headed.


interest rates

The chart above shows the Swiss three-month Euro-swiss rate target, three month libor, and two- and ten-year bond yields over the past twelve months.

currency exchange forecast The Australian economy is clearly starting to slow. A key focus for the Reserve Bank of Australia remains above target inflation, plus strong employment and commodity demand. This has kept the AUD underpinned. Even though the Reserve Bank of Australia is still trying to rein in price pressures, a rate cut could come on Tuesday.


AUSTRALIA

GVI Reserve Bank of Australia Policy Meeting Preview

  • Decision Anouncement: July 1, 2007 at 04:30 GMT.
  • RBA Cash Rate Target: 7.25%
  • No rate changes likely.
  • Inflation continues to be a problem for the Reserve Bank. Nevertheless, officials have suggested that some softness might be developing in the economy. This suggests that rates have reached their cyclical peaks. Note in the chart below that the two RBA core price measures are testing the top end of the bank's allowable limit. The global economic slowdown and historic highs of AUD are likely to restrain the risk of future rate hikes.

RESERVE BANK OF AUSTRALIA Policy Objective: The policy objective is a target for consumer price inflation, of 2-3 per cent per annum. Monetary policy aims to achieve this over the medium term and, subject to that, to encourage the strong and sustainable growth in the economy. Controlling inflation preserves the value of money. In the long run, this is the principal way in which monetary policy can help to form a sound basis for long-term growth in the economy.

aucpi

The chart above shows year/year and the CPI target of 2% to 3% for this price index. 

aupmi



jobs


s-t rates

The chart above shows the current three month bank bill rate, the current Cash Rate target  and where the futures markets are currently trading three month rates for the specified periods in the future. The chart also includes comparisons of where these futures rates were trading most recently, a week ago and four weeks ago.  The chart provides a view on where the markets feel Australian interest rates are headed.


interest rates

The chart above shows the Australian overnight rate target, three month bank bills, and two- and ten-year bond yields over the past twelve months.

us currency Trading in the CAD had been volatile as the Bank of Canada was making aggressive rate cuts to keep pace with the Fed and to get ahead of a possible economic slowdown. No more rate reductions are in the pipeline.


CANADA

GVI Bank of Canada Policy Meeting Preview

  • Decision: July 15 at 13:00 GMT.
  • BOC Overnight Target Rate: 3.00%
  • Expected Decision: no rate change. The Bank of Canada surprised the markets on June 10 by holding rates steady. It also clearly signaled that policy now is on hold.
  • It said: "the Bank now judges that the current stance of monetary policy is appropriately accommodative to bring aggregate demand and supply into balance and to achieve the 2 per cent inflation target. There continue to be important downside and upside risks to inflation in Canada, which the Bank will monitor closely.

    BANK OF CANADA Policy Objective: The Bank of Canada aims to keep inflation at the 2 per cent target, the midpoint of the 1 to 3 per cent inflation-control target range. This target is expressed in terms of total CPI inflation, but the Bank uses a measure of core inflation as an operational guide. Core inflation provides a better measure of the underlying trend of inflation and tends to be a better predictor of future changes in the total CPI.

    cacpi

    The chart above shows year/year CPI-X (core CPI) and the target of 2% for this price index. 

    PMI



    jobs


s-t rates

The chart above shows the current three month Banker Acceptance rate, the current BOC overnight rate target  and where the futures markets are currently trading three month rates for the specified periods in the future. The chart also includes comparisons of where these futures rates were trading most recently, a week ago and four weeks ago.  The chart provides a view on where the markets feel Canadian interest rates are headed.


interest rates

The chart above shows the Canadian overnight rate target, three month Bankers Acceptance, and two- and ten-year bond yields over the past twelve months.

John M. Bland is a co-founder and partner of Global-View.com. Prior to Global-View.com, he was a Vice-President and senior dealer in a forex inter-bank and futures trading arm of a subsidiary (ContiCurrency) of the Continental Grain Company in NYC. Previous to that, he was one of the early members of the Chemical Bank corporate advisory service in NYC, and also worked in international liability management for that bank. John holds an MBA from the Hass School at the University of California at Berkeley and a bachelor�s degree in International Economics from Berkeley.

 

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Forex news reports can be found on the forex research headlines page below. Here you will find real-time forex market news reports provided by respected contributors of currency trading information. Daily forex market news, weekly forex research and monthly forex news features can be found here.

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Real-time forex market news reports and features providing other currency trading information can be accessed by clicking on any of the headlines below. At the top of the forex blog page you will find the latest forex trading information. Scroll down the page if you are looking for less recent currency trading information. Scroll to the bottom of fx blog headlines and click on the link for past reports on forex. Currency world news reports from previous years can be found on the left sidebar under "FX Archives."



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Amazing Trader EVENT RISK Calendar:

Wed 18 Oct
12:30 US- Housing Starts & Permits
14:30 US- EIA Crude
Thu 19 Oct
01:30 AU- Employment
08:30 GB- Retail Sales
12:30 US- Weekly Jobless
Fri 20 Oct
12:30 CA- Retail Sales & CPI
14:00 US- Existing Homes Sales

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  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: HIGH Tue-- 08:30 GMT GB- CPI top tier confirmation of Inflation.

  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: Medium Tue-- 09:00 GMT DE- ZEW Survey second most important German monthly Survey.

  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: Medium Tue-- 09:00 GMT EZ- final HICP revision to flash report. Revisions are usually minor.

  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: Medium Tue-- 13:15 GMT US- Industrial Production. Top output indicator.



  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: Medium Wed-- 12:30 GMT US- Housing Starts and Permits revision to flash report. Useful housing leading indicator.

  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: Medium Wed-- 14:30 GMT US- EIA Crude. Top WTI inventory measure.



  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: Medium Thu-- 01:30 GMT AU- Employment. Top economic indicator.


  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: Medium Thu-- 02:00 GMT CN- GDP. Top economic indicator.


  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: HIGH Thu-- 08:30 GMT GB- Retail Sales. Top consumption indicator.


  • POTENTIAL PRICE RISK: Medium Thu-- 12:30 GMT US- Weekly Jobless. Employment Indicator.



John M. Bland, MBA
co-founding Partner, Global-View.com

EXCLUSIVE: Global-View Daily Trading Chart Points Updated

EXCLUSIVE: Global-View Free Forex Database updated




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