Wednesday June 15, 2005 - 21:28:33 GMT
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Forex: EU Summit - Donít Expect Any Fast Fixes
DailyFX Fundamentals 06-15-05
By Kathy Lien, Chief Strategist of www.dailyfx.com
∑ EU Summit - Donít Expect Any Fast Fixes
∑ Dollar Finally Pays Attention To Data And Reverses Gains
∑ Pound Rallies Despite Disappointing Employment Data
US Dollar- After a long and exhaustive battle, dollar bulls may have finally stopped obsessing with the 1.20 level in the EURUSD and are paying more attention to the significance of the barrage of US economic data that was released this morning. In the Instant Insight that we published following the morning data releases, we wrote about how appalled we were at the dollarís rally in the face of weak data. Since then, the dollar has given back all of its gains and is trading back at the pre-data lows against the euro. Yet, it may be too soon to assume that those who have their spears aimed at 1.20 have completely disappeared. There are still 4-5 yards (or billions) of stops rumored to be between 1.20 and 1.1950, which may be too attractive to ignore. However, there is still a laundry list of problems that the dollar faces. Today alone, we saw that for the second month in a row, there were insufficient foreign inflows to fund the trade deficit (TIC data came in at $47.4B). This time around, even though China and Japan increased their purchases of US treasuries (probably related to auction demand), Caribbean hedge funds, which were big buyers of dollars in March became the largest sellers in April. There is no denying that the last 2 months of foreign demand was the weakest in 6 months. Excluding the dip in August of 2004, the purchases were the weakest since Nov 2003. With lackluster job growth, weak retail sales, and a struggling manufacturing sector, the only support for the dollar is the Fed's rate hikes. Yet the latest inflation data on both a consumer and producer price level have been very tame, with headline inflation actually falling, giving the Fed an even better reason to stop raising rates at a measured pace amidst all of the recently negative releases. The industrial production and the Empire state survey did move higher, which shows that the manufacturing sector may be recovering and the Beige Book did have a marginally optimistic tone. However, with both sets of data contracting the previous month, the mild improvements are hardly anything to write home about, especially with oil prices closing above $55 a barrel. So once dollar bulls have their way, we could see a continuation of the rebound in the EURUSD as the market stops turning a blind eye to fundamentals.
Euro - Judging from the recent rhetoric of ECB officials, there seems to be quite a bit of dissent at the central bank. In an op-ed article released this morning, ECB President Trichet clarified the recent rate cut debate by saying that the central bank remains "vigilant and realistic" and are not "preparing the market for any rate decrease." Issing on the other hand reiterated today that the central bank no longer maintains a tightening bias and is neutral at best. The EUís two-day Summit begins tomorrow. After all of fan-fare with the referendums, there are hopes that some sort of positive news will come out of the Summit. It is too hasty to assume that conclusions and a consensus will be reached at the Summit, especially amidst all of the recent disagreements between UK Prime Minister Blair and French President Chirac over the UKís rebates. EU Commission chief Jose Manuel Barroso warned that the bloc could face long-term 'paralysis' if leaders fail to reach agreement on the budget and constitution. This is probably a bit dramatic. Most likely EU leaders will agree to go back to the drawing board and come up with some agreeable solutions to propose to voters. They will do this by extending the 2-year ratification period.
British Pound - Vaulting through the 1.8100 figure, the British pound skyrocketed higher on strength garnered from relatively suggestive economic data figures. Key data for the session included, average earnings and manufacturing unit wage cost reports with the unemployment rate falling well in line with expectations. Remaining at a near three decade low of 2.7 percent, the May unemployment report included a disappointing monthly increase of 13,200 in unemployment claims, far exceeding the 5,000 estimate and adding to a total 855,300. With most reductions stemming from manufacturing, the print is the fourth consecutive rise in claimants, the longest stretch in 12 years, and looks to be attributed to fears of a declining economic environment. Separately, data on manufacturing unit wage cost and average earnings hinted at potential inflationary pressures. Bouncing 1.3 percent compared with 0.3 percent from the month of March, the unit wage cost rose for the third consecutive period. Ultimately, this may leave producers to pass increasing costs on to the consumer in the form of higher prices or inflation, potentially rekindling repurchase rate increase speculation. As a result, traders will likely be looking ahead to tomorrowís retail sales number in gauging consumersí resiliency towards higher prices and its effects on any future rate decisions.
Japanese Yen - The excitement from todayís US TIC data sent the yen flying up to 109.71 against the dollar right before the pair came crashing back down to 109.20. Aside from that, movements were fairly restricted as Japan experienced a day devoid of economic numbers. The only news out was a monthly economic report from the Cabinet Office. The changes from Mayís report show recognition of further distribution of the recent recovery in labor markets as increases are also seen in wages. More importantly, the pickup in private spending has solidified as consumers are being given more money to spend. Of course, household consumption will have to advance for quite a bit longer before the Bank of Japan will be ready to increase interest rates. The economy needs this time to fully distance itself from the deflation that resurfaced in the first quarter. In other news from the region, industrial output in China rose by a whopping 16.6% triggering notions of an upwardly revised growth figure for the year. Having China as its largest trade partner, Japan will be able to reap some of the benefits of this growth as growing Chinese firms will continue to increase their orders of goods, especially from the technology sector in Japan.
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