Monday May 1, 2006 - 21:30:50 GMT
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Forex: Bernanke Speaks Again - Time for the Dollar to Recover
DailyFX Fundamentals 05-01-06
â€˘ Bernanke Speaks Again - Time for the Dollar to Recover
â€˘ The Weekâ€™s Wildcard Will Be Comments from ECB on Thursday
â€˘ Middle East Investment in UK Commercial Property Doubled in 2005
After sharp and persistent movements last week, recovery has been the predominant theme in the FX market today with the dollar rallying against all other currency pairs except for the Japanese Yen, which saw exporter buying ahead of the Golden week holidays. Eurozone and UK markets were closed today, which left US traders alone in the markets. Good US data and the prospect for bearish Eurozone news this upcoming week has helped the dollar recover from very extended moves. Following up on last weekâ€™s positive reports, this morning, we saw more good news with stronger personal income, personal spending and construction spending figures as well as a nice jump in the ISM manufacturing index. Income grew by 0.8 percent while spending grew by 0.6 percent. The price index for consumer spending however tells us that part of the boost was from higher inflation. There was also another large increase in the prices paid component of the ISM index which rose from 66.5 to 71.5 while the main ISM index increased from 55.2 to 57.3. It should be no surprise to our readers that inflation is rising. Energy prices will be a big force in pushing global inflation higher and we expect the reports from around the world to reflect this shift. Here in the US according to the latest pieces of data, the US economy continues to perform well. However the main question is whether this would impact Fed policy. FOMC member Guynn was on the wires this morning talking about how we are â€śvery closeâ€ť to appropriate policy. However what sent the dollar rallying again in the late afternoon session were comments from Bernanke who went on CNBC to say that his comments on Thursday were â€śmisinterpreted.â€ť We are sure that he is probably concerned about the dollarâ€™s rapid movements since then, especially since he is a new Fed Chairman who may not be use to the need to be extra careful with every word that he does and doesnâ€™t say. Bernanke added that his comments were aimed at flexibility and he echoed Guynnâ€™s earlier comments that the Fedâ€™s decision will be data dependent. We sense that the Fed is indeed very near the end of their tightening cycle with 5-5.25 percent rates the likely top. However, given the rapid rise in energy prices and improving economic data, they still need to raise rates further, which at bare minimum tell us that we should expect another quarter point rate hike next week. Instead, any further recovery that we may see this week in the dollar will probably be brought on by the Eurozone factors that we touch upon in our Euro commentary.
Our technical analyst made a great point in todayâ€™s Daily Technicals when he noted that since the advent of the Euro, we have only seen 1 instance other than the most recent where the Euro rallied more than 200 pips against the dollar for 2 consecutive weeks. After counting 6 consecutive days of strength, the Euroâ€™s move was becoming very overextended and was due for a retracement. This is exactly what we saw today as traders looked ahead to the possible fundamental factors impacting the EUR/USD this week. With the Euro at such lofty levels, the strong recovery that we have been seeing in the Eurozone will likely be compromised, starting with this weekâ€™s manufacturing and service sector PMI surveys. The big wildcard will be Thursdayâ€™s European Central Bank rate decision. No interest rate hikes are expected, but the market will be listening very closely to ECB President Trichetâ€™s press conference shortly thereafter. If you recall, many tops in the Euro on both a long term and short term basis has been set by the words of the central bank President. The most recent major drop in the EUR/USD in early April was a result of Trichetâ€™s signal to market that they do not plan on raising interest rates this month. What we will be looking for is one of two things â€“ either another direct comment on the need to delay rate hikes further or a direct comment on the value of the currency. Given the state of factors affecting the Eurozone, the likelihood for more hawkish comments is minimal.
Compared to many of its other counterparts, the British pound performed fairly well today, ending the session higher against the Euro and unchanged against the dollar. There was little impacting the pound with markets closed for a Bank holiday. The main focus for sterling traders this week will be the monetary policy decision by the Bank of England. Like the ECB, the BoE is expected to leave rates unchanged. However, this time around, they are scheduled to release their inflation report. Given the sharp rise in oil prices, it is very likely that the central bank may notch higher their inflation forecasts. Meanwhile the market is also watching the elections on Thursday. Tony Blair is pulling out all the stops to try to secure some steady votes for his Labour Party. However, there have been a lot of bad headlines and as such, the Labour Partyâ€™s attempts may prove to be futile. If Blairâ€™s party loses the vote, he may be pressured to resign prematurely, which could mean that Gordon Brown would take his post early. There is also an interesting article in the Financial Times that highlights the UKâ€™s emergence as the investment market of choice for international investors who are shunning the US markets. According to the report, Middle East investors spent GBP 1.3 billion on UK commercial property in 2005, which was double the amount they spent in 2004. This strong demand for pound denominated investments has been a solid source of support for the currency throughout the first quarter.
Japanese traders are gearing up for a week of holidays by buying the Japanese Yen across the board. We mentioned on Thursday that exporter demand may surface on the need to increase hedging during the holidays. There is no economic data due out of Japan aside from the reports released overnight. Vehicle sales fell by 7.8 percent while labor cash earnings slipped in March by 0.2 percent. Like the Eurozone, we expect the Japanese economy, to come under pressure from the rapid rise in their currency. As an export dependent nation, the 500 pip slide over the course of the past two weeks is sure to have government officials worried.
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